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Infra, Latin for “below”, is legal shorthand to indicate that a particular reference will be further discussed or cited later in a document.

Infra is distinguished from supra, Latin for “above”, which indicates that the case or point has already been discussed or cited previously in a document.

Both infra and supra are tools to make a document, letter or brief easier for a reader to comprehend or follow. They not only enable one to avoid having to repeatedly write the same citation, but also signal to the reader that a particular point will be (or has been) explored elsewhere in the document.

“See, infra, the discussion regarding the likelihood of consumer confusion.”

“Wellington v. Sawyer, supra, at p. 57.”