For example: Obiter dicta (sometimes referred to merely as dicta), is a Latin expression literally meaning “said by the way” or a “statement in passing”. It is used for statements, remarks or observations made by a judge that re incidental or supplementary in deciding a case, upon a matter not essential to the decision. Thus, although they are included in the body of the court’s opinion, such statements do not form a necessary part of the court’s decision. Under the doctrine of stare decisis, statements constituting obiter dicta are therefore not binding, although in some jurisdictions, they can be strongly persuasive.
“The court’s statements concerning whether strict liability was applicable were merely obiter dicta and hence not binding on the judge in the present dispute.”