Stanford, Irvine, CA 92612, USALocated between San Francisco and San Jose in the heart of Silicon Valley, Stanford University is recognized as one of the world's leading research and teaching institutions. Stanford opened its doors in 1891, and more than a century later, it remains dedicated to finding solutions to the great challenges of the day and preparing its students for leadership in today's complex world. Stanford is recognized as one of the world’s leading universities, and its students have opportunities to participate in a remarkable range of activities. Through academic courses taught by renowned professors, research and public service opportunities, and an extraordinary breadth of extracurricular activities — Stanford University prepares students to take on the great challenges of the day and become the next generation of leaders. The objective of Stanford University, Jane and Leland Stanford wrote in their Founding Grant in 1885, is "to qualify its students for personal success, and direct usefulness in life; And its purposes, to promote the public welfare by exercising an influence in behalf of humanity and civilization, teaching the blessings of liberty regulated by law, and inculcating love and reverence for the great principles of government as derived from the inalienable rights of man to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." With an approximate 5.9 to 1 student-to-faculty ratio, Stanford emphasizes close interaction with faculty. Stanford offers three undergraduate degrees – Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Sciences (B.S.), and Bachelor of Arts and Sciences (B.A.S.) – each designed to achieve balance between depth of knowledge acquired through specialization and breadth of knowledge gained through exploration.